The mode of questionnaire administration may affect the estimates and applicability of oral health-related quality of life indicators. The aim of this study was to compare psychometrically the self-administered Child-OIDP index with the original interviewer-administered instrument. This was a cross-sectional study of 144 consecutive children aged 9-16 years referred to orthodontic clinics in. One of the similarities identified in this study is that both approaches guide clients through a journey of self-actualization. Moreover, both enable clients to improve their thought patterns (cognitions) and self-concept in order to deal with dysfunctional actions or views in their lives Humanistic approach (including Person Centred and Transpersonal Approach) is more useful when taking care of the feelings any person and is excessively personal centred. The fundamental asset, which humanistic approach comprises, is that it relates to the person and by itself turns the person into more personal to beliefs they may otherwise. Psychotherapists and coaches argue fiercely about the best theory and practice for their trade. There is no perfect theory or practice yet that encompasses all needs. There probably never will be. This article considers some of the similarities of Gestalt, Existential and Client Centred in the quest for personal growth and development
Furthermore according to Mulhuser, G. (2010) the existential approach shows the same similarities with the clients capacity in making well- informed choices about their own life and the attitude towards it, this however highlights the need for the therapist to remain in control of their own personal and professional assumptions Lastly, in the USRT cohort, using self-administered, mailed questionnaires, test-retest responses to the time-based questionnaire approach was evaluated in a previous study of 481 radiologic technologists from the United States (ages 44 to 80 years old, including 238 males and 243 females from throughout the United States) who volunteered to. These four methods all approach early learning from a developmental perspective, and stress the importance of play and self-directed exploration. There are many similarities in the approaches as they all strive to educate the whole child and believe that children should be responsible for their own learning to varying degrees
Teaching Approaches, Methods and Strategy, Approach: It is a personal philosophy of teaching. Set of ideas to face a problem, the way we teach. , The practical realization of an approach through a procedure in a system, this is, what kind of activity we use in order to teach. The term Method covers both strategy and techniques of teaching., Pattern of acts that serve to attain certain outcomes. . Carl Rogers, born in 1902, was the originator of the Person Centred Approach or Humanistic Theory Approaches to Studying Personality in a Cultural Context. There are three approaches that can be used to study personality in a cultural context, the cultural-comparative approach; the indigenous approach; and the combined approach, which incorporates elements of both views. Since ideas about personality have a Western basis, the cultural.
The Person-Centred Approach. Originator: Carl Rogers The person-centred approach focuses on the belief that we are all born with an innate ability for psychological growth if external circumstances allow us to do so. Clients become out of touch with this self-actualising tendency by means of introjecting the evaluations of others and thereby treating them as if they were their own The name generator approach and the role relation approach are among the most common ways to measure ego-centered social networks. The name generator approach, which first requires of a respondent to name actual persons and then usually asks several additional questions about these persons gives richer data on the respondent's social network. Similarities between the two approaches Although there are clear differences between the two theories, it is also evident that there are some similarities. The first is that both theories do involve the importance of sex in development. Both theories bring forward the notion that individuals are at the forefront of development a brief comparison (similarities and differences) of Skills Approach and Trait Theory. Then, explain if a skill can be a trait, or a trait can be a skill. Justify your response and provide an example. Finally, explain how each might relate to your personal public health leadership philosophy. Be specific
New Public Management (NPM) is an approach to running public service organizations that is used in government and public service institutions and agencies, at both sub-national and national levels. The term was first introduced by academics in the UK and Australia [full citation needed] to describe approaches that were developed during the 1980s as part of an effort to make the public service. This article compares a Jungian approach to personal growth groups to the Person-centered and Gestalt approaches. Similarities are noted, though a Jungian approach adds the dimension of a cognitive map not found in the other two. This cognitive map uses constructs from Jung's theory of the individuation process 2.3.0: Culture and Communication: A Dialectical Approach and Five Dialectics I n this section, we will discuss what a dialectical approach entails and examine five dialectics to help us better understand the link between culture and communication: Cultural-Individual, Personal-Contextual, Differences-Similarities, Static-Dynamic, and Privileges/Disadvantages a string of self-administered questionnaires that include text-computer assisted self-interviewing (text-CASI, which are laptops having the question and answer), audio-computer assisted self-interview (audio-CASI, same thing as text-CASI, except the questions are in audio format), and video-CASI (questions are in video format instead) The similarities between criticisms of both is striking, and yet because the trait approach holds an innate appeal to the public based on pre-existing stereotypes of what a leader should be it has a leg up. Despite its obvious handicap, the psychodynamic approach offers a great deal
Early theories assumed that personality was expressed in people's physical appearance. One early approach, developed by the German physician Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) and known as phrenology, was based on the idea that we could measure personality by assessing the patterns of bumps on people's skulls (Figure 12.1, Phrenology). In the Victorian age, phrenology was taken seriously. 4 Counselling Approaches Explained In this section, we compare the different counselling approaches, looking at the differences and the similarities. We compare person-centred therapy, transactional analysis, and rational emotive behavioural therapy. We also look at the future of counselling. Person Centred - Carl Rogers The person-centred approach to counselling belongs to the humanistic. Several holistic and interdisciplinary approaches exist to safeguard health. Three of the most influential concepts at the moment, One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health, are analyzed in this paper, revealing similarities and differences at the theoretical conceptual level. These approaches may appear synonymous, as they all promote the underlying assumption of humans and other animals.
Methods For Valuing Personal Property. The three primary approaches to valuation are cost, income and the sales comparison approach.These approaches are used for valuing real estate, businesses and personal property.The underlying theory does not change. The types of data and analyses are different.. The most reliable approach to value depends on the valuation engagement behavior of a cultural group. A couple of potential similarities among the designs should be noted. Narrative research, ethnography, and case study research may seem similar when the unit of analysis is a single individual. True, one may approach the study of a single individual from any of these three approaches; however, th
Defend or refute: Although personal attributes are important, it is the leader's skills that are most important in addressing organization problems. In favor of the skills approach, the Mumford skills model shows that leader attributes and competencies lead to outcomes, whereas the trai Humanistic Approach. Humanistic Approach. Saul McLeod, updated 2020. Humanistic, humanism and humanist are terms in psychology relating to an approach which studies the whole person and the uniqueness of each individual. Essentially, these terms refer to the same approach in psychology . The relation between father and mother can change personality, performance.
Sometimes described as 'psychology of the soul', this approach seeks to bring together your emotional, mental, physical and spiritual attributes to encourage personal development. Psychosynthesis is useful for people seeking a new, more spiritually oriented vision of themselves to enable change and growth. R. Relationship therap approach argue that the constructivist has abandoned the scientific methods and procedures of enquiry and investigation (Cohen, 2011, p20-21). The users of the approach are said to write fictions because they have no means of verifying their true statements. Since the approach is characterized by feelings and personal reports, i
This approach addresses the whole person by acknowledging that a lack of health or well-being in one area of a person's life affects their overall sense of well-being. When you open multiple doors to wellness, you can create personal and organizational momentum that translates into sustained health behavior change appropriate approach(es) that can be used in a particular organisation or situation are discussed, as is how the assessment outcomes can be used. Not one single approach or technique is suitable for understanding and exploring safety culture. Rather, a holistic and multi-method approach should be taken towards measuring safety culture
Behaviourism is a philosophy based on the proposition that all things which organisms do — including acting, thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors. In education, behaviourist approaches emphasise changing behaviour through rewarding correct performance. The constructivist psychologies theorize about and investigate how human beings create systems for meaningfully. Major Approaches to Organisational Theory: Classical and Neo-Classical Approaches! 1. Classical Approach (Theory X): Emphasis is on structural factors and functions or activities to achieve the objectives. Stress on specialisation and co-ordination, and chain of command facilitates co-ordination and communication Proactive & Reactive Approach. For many businesses, the default approach to customer service is to respond to clients/events after a problem arises.This reactive method might satisfy the customer and solve the problem temporarily, but it won't surprise or delight them Educational Philosophies Definitions and Comparison Chart. Within the epistemological frame that focuses on the nature of knowledge and how we come to know, there are four major educational philosophies, each related to one or more of the general or world philosophies just discussed. These educational philosophical approaches are currentl
There are 2 approaches in employee management. They are the Human Resource Management (HRM) and Personnel Management.Despite the fact that both these approaches seem different, they do have some similarities also.. 1. Both models focus on the significance of integrating personnel/HRM techniques with organizational objectives Comparison of two approaches to improving cognitive academic language proficiency for school-aged, English Language Learners: Two-group, pretest/posttest design Tanja A. Dalton Sandra L. Gillam, PhD., CCC-SLP Ronald B. Gillam, PhD., CCC-SLP Lillian Duran, PhD. Utah State University Author Not Hi This is some work that I put into my essay last term but figured it could be used for studying purposes also. Introduction Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that is widely studied due to the fact that the personality is the determinant of human behaviour and thought (Cherry, n.d.). This is th Still, there are a number of recognized approaches with new ones developed all the time. Most new approaches add a small amount that is truly new while expanding on existing approaches or combining elements of several approaches. Most approaches therefore have considerable overlap in theory and practice We'll take a closer look at both men and their approaches in order to more thoroughly understand psychology's foundation as a science. Wundt's lab, founded in 1879, was the first of its kind. His.
Strengths-based approaches concentrate on the inherent strengths of individuals, families, groups and organisations, deploying personal strengths to aid recovery and empowerment. In essence, to focus on health and well-being is to embrace an asset-based approach where the goal is to promote the positive The Human Relations Approach The human relations and human resources approach may sound like they're similar, but they are actually very different! Knowing the difference between the two will be beneficial to you when applying for jobs, and working at your first real job. The Human Relations Approach was discovered in the early 1920's when peopl
Main measures: An interview guide was designed to determine the team approach in a telephone interview. A staff questionnaire for team members measured teamwork and team effectiveness with psychometrically validated questionnaires and self-administered items. Results: All 18 head physicians took part in the telephone interview Despite the fact that both these approaches seem different, they do have some similarities also. 1. Both models focus on the significance of integrating personnel/HRM techniques with organizational objectives. 2 Cultural Similarities and Differences in Social Inference: Evidence from Behavioral Predictions and Lay Theories of Behavior Lay dispositionism (Ross & Nisbett, 1991) is a coherent and powerful folk theory that promotes the attribution of social behavior to enduring dispositions. Although this folk theory i Comparison Between Asset and Deficit Based Approaches. The focus on the assets of communities—rather than its needs, deficits, or problems—represents an important shift in mindset and practice for people who work with communities on issues of importance (Green & Haines, 2011, pg. 7
The HBM-based programs focused on a variety of health actions. The results of the meta-analysis provided substantial empirical support for the efficacy of the HBM. For more information on this study, consult The Health Belief Model and Personal Health Behavior (Becker, 1974). (See Resources for a complete listing.) to There are numerous approaches to strategic management, including the prescriptive approach, the descriptive approach and the emergent approach. Each of these strategies has benefits, drawbacks and types of companies for which they are best suited. Many companies employ a mixed strategic approach
face approaches: v The cost associated with face-to-face interviews can limit the size and geographical coverage of the survey. v Interviewers can introduce bias, which will affect the reliability of responses. Such bias might emerge from the way in which questions are asked, or in the personal characteristics of the interviewer, or i This paper introduces a conceptual framework to guide research and education into the practice of personal science, which we define as using empirical methods to pursue personal health questions. Personal science consists of five activities: questioning, designing, observing, reasoning, and discovering. These activities are conceptual abstractions derived from review of self-tracking practices. Hume famously takes this approach. Beginning in a way reminiscent of Locke, he distinguishes between two forms of mental contents or perceptions, as he calls them: impressions and ideas. Impressions are the contents of our current experiences: our sensations, feelings, emotions, desires, and so on Scottish Social Services Council 2 Executive summary This review presents initial reflections following a review of approaches and policies around personal outcomes, person-centred working and personalisation across health, social care and wider public services in Scotland. Many practitioners say they feel overwhelmed by the range of initiatives bein Questionnaire and administered it as a leave-behind self-administered questionnaire to a pilot sample of about 4,000 respondents. In 2005, the scientific review of the HRS renewal proposal strongly endorsed this new content and recommended an approach more strongly grounded in psychological theory than that taken by ELSA
Self-administered questionnaires also promote free thinking on the respondents' end since researchers will not be able to provide them with any idea in answering the questionnaire examples in pdf. Some respondents might prefer this type of questionnaire since they can think freely and they can be sure that their answers will not be injected. Personal information that identifies, relates to, describes, is capable of being associated with, or may reasonably be linked, directly or indirectly, with a particular consumer or household. The statutory definition includes a list of specific categories of personal information. Personal information does not includ The top-down approach relies on higher authority figures to determine larger goals that will filter down to the tasks of lower level employees. In comparison, the bottom-up style of communication features a decision-making process that gives the entire staff a voice in company goals. Each task remains fluid as employees achieve their goals The approach involves starting with an external market orientation and scrupulously studying customer insights before creating marketing strategies. Unlike the inside-out approach, outside-in starts at the end and works backward by looking at what the customer wants and coming up with solutions from that viewpoint